A tooth may be extracted for a range of medical reasons. Infection or increased risk of infection due to tooth decay are the most frequent reasons for removal of a tooth. However, a tooth might be extracted to improve tooth alignment, following traumatic damage to the tooth, or as part of a treatment for gum disease.
Tooth extraction is permanent, but patients can benefit from a variety of other procedures that usually follow an extraction. For example, a dental implant or a bridge might be used to restore the look of the mouth while providing the patient with a healthy bite.